What is humanism? It is a conception of the human being as an exceptional entity, without definition and without nature – ultimately without a world. Homo Labyrinthus goes through the history of philosophy and draws on contemporary paleoanthropology data to rethink the human being. Confronting several anti-humanist kinds of thoughts (Foucault, Althusser, Lévi-Strauss) with more recent posthumanist theories (Hayles, Serres, Stiegler, Haraway, Sloterdijk, Wolfe), Homo Labyrinthus tries to elaborate a relational anti-humanism. This antihumanism undermines contemporary imperative of transformation which is based on the denial of nature and on a deep contempt for non-
human life forms. Far from posthuman theories, Homo Labyrinthus seeks to free humanity from its immunological fortress and its prefabricated futures. Toumaï the old ancestor, Washoe the chimpanzee who could combine up to five signs, and Blade Runner’s loving and deadly Replicant are summoned; a world takes shape – come in, come into the labyrinth!
Frédéric Neyrat, Homo Labyrinthus. Humanisme, antihumanisme, posthumanisme (Paris: Editions Dehors, 2015), 176 pages